CBD for Pets: What You Need to Know - Sugar Bottom Hemp (2024)

In 2018, the Farm Bill passed, meaning that hemp-derived CBD products are now legal in the US. Stemming from that has been a boom in CBD products aimed at both humans and pets alike. There have been many reported benefits to adding CBD to your life, but what about using CBD for pets? With an abundance of CBD tinctures and treats on the shelves aimed at your beloved four-legged companions, it is important to know everything you can about CBD, including how it may affect your pet, dosage, and side effects.

Let’s get started.

What is CBD?

CBD, which is short for cannabidiol, is an organic compound known as a cannabinoid that comes from the Cannabis sativa plant. CBD is present in both medical cannabis and hemp, though there are greater amounts of it in the latter. For people and pets alike, most CBD products on the market are derived from hemp. Unlike the psychoactive ingredient in cannabis known as tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, cannabidiol does not have any psychoactive effects. Instead, it is believed to interact with the endocannabinoid system (ECS) in a more therapeutic manner.

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Is CBD Safe for Pets?

CBD may be safe for cats and dogs when administered in the proper dosage and under the guidance of a veterinarian. However, there is still limited research on the effects of CBD on pets, and more studies are needed to fully understand its potential benefits and risks. Similar to how CBD reacts in the human body, the compound interacts with the endocannabinoid system (ECS) in animals and assists with the regulation of several physiological functions, like pain and inflammation.

Fortunately, you do not have to worry about CBD making your pets “high.” As mentioned earlier, cannabidiol is not the same thing as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). If you are giving your pets a pure form of CBD, known as CBD isolate, or even a broad spectrum formula, you have nothing to worry about. The only time your pets may show signs of being high is if you use a full spectrum formula, which will include 0.3% THC or less. 0.3% is the legal limit of THC. However, there is only a low chance that such a small percentage of THC will adversely affect your pet.

That being said, there are concerns about the quality of CBD on the market, since it is not regulated by the FDA. When selecting a pet safe CBD, make sure you are choosing products that have been tested by a third party lab. The results should be available on the company’s website in the form of a Certificate of Analysis (COA). If you cannot locate a COA, do not purchase from that manufacturer.

Are There Any Side Effects of CBD?

Yes, there are some potential risks and side effects to be aware of when giving CBD to pets, including soft stool and appetite changes. CBD can interact with certain medications and can cause mild side effects such as drowsiness, dry mouth, or decreased blood pressure. Moreover, the quality and concentration of CBD products can vary, so it is essential to choose a high-quality product that has been third-party tested for purity and potency.

It is recommended to consult with a veterinarian before giving CBD to your pet, as they can provide guidance on proper dosing and potential drug interactions. Veterinarians can also help you determine if CBD is an appropriate treatment option for your pet’s specific condition.

Has Research Been Done on the Effects of CBD for Pets?

There has been plenty of research done on CBD using both animal and human models, but not many of those tests have looked at dogs, cats, and other pets. The interest in using cannabidiol for pets is growing, however, and so there should be more studies and trials that target pet wellness held in the near future.

What Could CBD Potentially Help With?

Although the research done specifically on pets is limited, there are several conditions that CBD may help alleviate or even treat. Here are some of the conditions where CBD may be beneficial to your pet:

Seizures

There is currently a prescription medication called Epidiolex that was approved by the FDA in 2018 [1]. To this point, Epidiolex is the only CBD-derived medication available on the market. Although Epidiolex is only available for people with severe epileptic conditions, it has been seen that CBD has a positive impact on seizures.

For pets, CBD may be able to lessen the frequency of seizures or stop them entirely. How CBD helps with seizures is not fully understood, but it is theorized that CBD prevents nerves in the brain from becoming hyperactive [2].

Arthritis

Did you know that 1 in 4 dogs will develop arthritis in their lifetime? It’s even been estimated that more than 60% of dogs have arthritis to some degree [3]. There have been several studies using both animal and human models that show the effectiveness of CBD when treating arthritis. For instance, a study from 2016 investigated the potential therapeutic effects of transdermal CBD (administered through the skin) on arthritis-related pain and inflammation in rats [4]. The researchers found that transdermal CBD significantly reduced joint swelling and pain-related behaviors in the rats.

Another study from 2017 examined how oral CBD could impact pain and inflammation caused by osteoarthritis [5]. The researchers found that CBD reduced joint pain and protected against nerve damage in rats.

Pain & Inflammation

Various studies have found that, once absorbed into the bloodstream, CBD may work to decrease pain and inflammation throughout the body. One review of the antioxidative and anti-inflammatory capabilities of CBD from 2020 outlined that the compound may be able to inhibit certain pro-inflammation receptors and reactions, thereby reducing swelling and pain [6].

Cancer

There is a limited amount of research on the use of CBD for pets with cancer. However, it has been documented that humans, as well as ferrets and rats, may benefit from CBD when it comes to preventing nausea after chemotherapy [7]. This suggests that cats and dogs may also benefit.

What is the Best CBD Dosage For Pets?

The dosage of CBD for pets can vary depending on the animal’s weight, age, and condition being treated. It is recommended to start with a low dose and gradually increase until the desired effect is achieved, while monitoring your pet for any adverse reactions. A general guideline for dosing is around 0.1-0.5 mg/kg of body weight per day, but this can vary depending on the specific product and animal. If your pet does not seem to be benefiting from the CBD dose, you can try a slightly larger dose. Always wait 30-60 minutes for any response to the cannabidiol.

One study from 2018 considered the efficacy of CBD oil for dogs with osteoarthritis and found that 2 mg per kg of weight taken twice daily was beneficial and caused little to no side effects [8]. During blood tests, however, some dogs showed signs of liver damage.

Can I Use Human CBD Products on my Dog or Cat? Or Do I Need Pet-Specific CBD?

Products that are designed for people are not recommended for pets, unless it is a CBD isolate without any additives. For safety, you should always ask your veterinarian about the ingredients in a CBD product, since there are some essential oils, artificial sweeteners, and other flavorings that could be toxic to dogs and cats.

Pet safe CBD will have your furry friends’ needs in mind, so choose cat and dog-friendly CBD instead of giving them your own tincture.

Looking to Try CBD on Your Pet?

More and more research is emerging that shows how beneficial CBD may be for both people and their pets. A variety of health conditions may be alleviated with the use of CBD. That said, more studies are needed.

If you want to give CBD to your pet, first speak with their veterinarian. Once your pet has been cleared, why not treat your furry friend to pet safe CBD from Sugar Bottom Hemp? We take pride in offering only the purest of CBD extracts. Each product has been tested in a third party lab. Our CBD pet tincture and calming CBD pet treats are perfect for your beloved companions. Give them a try today and see what CBD may do for your pets!

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Resources

  1. Office of the Commissioner & Office of the Commissioner. (2018, June 25). FDA Approves First Drug Comprised of an Active Ingredient Derived from Marijuana to Treat Rare, Severe Forms of Epilepsy. U.S. Food And Drug Administration. https://www.fda.gov/news-events/press-announcements/fda-approves-first-drug-comprised-active-ingredient-derived-marijuana-treat-rare-severe-forms
  2. Silvestro, S., Mammana, S., Cavalli, E., Bramanti, P., & Mazzon, E. (2019). Use of Cannabidiol in the Treatment of Epilepsy: Efficacy and Security in Clinical Trials. Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 24(8), 1459. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24081459
  3. Bland, S. D. (2015). Canine osteoarthritis and treatments: a review. Veterinary Science Development, 5(1). https://doi.org/10.4081/vsd.2015.5931
  4. Hammell, D. C., Zhang, L. P., Ma, F., Abshire, S. M., McIlwrath, S. L., Stinchcomb, A. L., & Westlund, K. N. (2016). Transdermal cannabidiol reduces inflammation and pain-related behaviours in a rat model of arthritis. European Journal of Pain, 20(6), 936-948. doi: 10.1002/ejp.818
  5. Philpott, H. T., OʼBrien, M., & McDougall, J. J. (2017). Attenuation of early phase inflammation by cannabidiol prevents pain and nerve damage in rat osteoarthritis. Pain, 158(12), 2442-2451. doi: 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001052
  6. Atalay, S., Jarocka-Karpowicz, I., & Skrzydlewska, E. (2019). Antioxidative and Anti-Inflammatory Properties of Cannabidiol. Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland), 9(1), 21. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox9010021
  7. Parker, L. A., Mechoulam, R., & Schlievert, C. (2002). Cannabidiol, a non-psychoactive component of cannabis and its synthetic dimethylheptyl homolog suppress nausea in an experimental model with rats. Neuroreport, 13(5), 567–570. https://doi.org/10.1097/00001756-200204160-00006
  8. Gamble, L., Boesch, J. M., Frye, C., Schwark, W. S., Mann, S., Wolfe, L. F., Brown, H., Berthelsen, E. S., & Wakshlag, J. J. (2018). Pharmacokinetics, Safety, and Clinical Efficacy of Cannabidiol Treatment in Osteoarthritic Dogs. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 5. https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2018.00165
CBD for Pets: What You Need to Know - Sugar Bottom Hemp (2024)

FAQs

What should I look for in CBD oil for dogs? ›

Look For A Full Or Broad Spectrum Hemp

Check the label of your CBD product to make sure it's full spectrum or broad spectrum. This means your dog's CBD oil contains not just CBD, but other important cannabinoids that occur naturally in full-spectrum hemp. This includes CBC (Cannabichromene) and CBG (Cannabigerol).

Is hemp derived CBD safe for dogs? ›

CBD products are perfectly safe for your furry friend as long as they're derived from the hemp variety of the cannabis plant. Products derived from the marijuana variety of cannabis, however, are NOT safe for animal consumption, as they typically contain high levels of THC and can thus be toxic to animals.

Is CBD safe for dogs and cats? ›

While few behavioral changes were found and the CBD-laced treats were determined to be relatively safe for both groups, some of the cats involved showed adverse reactions like vomiting and head shaking. As of January 2022, few other studies have been conducted on the efficacy or impact of CBD use in pets.

Are hemp supplements safe for dogs? ›

Since hempseed oil and hemp-derived CBD are non-psychoactive, they can be safely given to pets.

What strength CBD oil for dogs is best? ›

A safe rule of thumb is 0.2mg of CBD per pound. So, if your dog weighs 25 pounds, you'll give him 5mg of CBD. Then, you need to calculate how much oil you should give your dog based on how many milligrams (mg) of CBD is in each milliliter (ml) of oil.

Which is better for dogs CBD or hemp? ›

While both hemp seed oil and CBD oil offer benefits for dogs and cats, CBD oil will always offer more. Both products have similar nutritional value, but CBD can help support other areas of your dog's body and well-being, including mobility, mood, and dealing with situational stress.

What side effects can CBD have on dogs? ›

Q: What are the most common signs reported in pets after the ingestion of CBD products? A: Vomiting, lethargy, inappetence, and diarrhea are the most common clinical signs reported. Ataxia can occasionally occur with large ingestions.

How does CBD oil make a dog feel? ›

CBD Can Help Your Dog Feel Calm and Comfortable

Calm and comfort are the primary sensations that your dog will experience when given the right amount of CBD for their size. CBD impacts your dog's endocannabinoid system, which in turn impacts their nervous system, digestive system, and other important bodily functions.

Can too much CBD hurt my dog? ›

One of the most common side effects in dogs who consume too much CBD is gastrointestinal upset, including stomach cramps, nausea, and diarrhea. The other most common side effect is extreme drowsiness, sleepiness, or lethargy.

Do vets recommend CBD for dogs? ›

CBD, or cannabidiol oil, first hit the market as a trendy health and lifestyle product, but it has also gained favor with veterinarians as a quality treatment for pets with certain health and behavioral problems.

How long does CBD last in a dog? ›

How Long Does CBD Last For My Dog? Each dose—whether from oil or chews—lasts from 4-8 hours. That's a big spread, we know, but the duration can vary a lot depending on your pet's size, activity level, breed, and the severity of their symptoms.

What are the side effects of hemp calming support for dogs? ›

Hemp and cannabidiol (CBD) are becoming more common in calming aids, treats and chews. Overdoses of these types of products may cause gastrointestinal upset, incoordination in walking, depression, sedation, lethargy and sometimes urinary incontinence. If these signs are seen, they may last from 24 to 72 hours.

Does hemp calm dogs? ›

Hemp oil is among the best calming treats you can give your pup when they exhibit anxious behavior including restlessness and destruction. In fact, research indicates that CBD or hemp dog treats helped to improve anxiety in 75% of cases as observed by veterinarians.

Is hemp the same as CBD? ›

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a compound found in marijuana.

CBD can be derived from hemp or from non-hemp plants. Hemp is defined as any part of the cannabis sativa plant with no more than 0.3% of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the mind-altering substance in marijuana.

Does hemp help anxiety in dogs? ›

Hemp oil sends the message to your dog's dopamine receptors that he is not in pain and balances out the stress. Dogs Naturally magazine emphasizes that hemp oil does not make your dog high. Instead, it uses the neurotransmitters that are responsible for absorption to stabilize and calm the mind and body.

How much CBD should a beginner start with? ›

"The best practice and the industry standard for dosing is to guide new CBD users to 'start low and go slow. ' This means starting at a dose of 10mg and slowly titrating up as needed by increasing the dose in 5mg increments every 2 to 3 days," says Capano.

Is 10mg of CBD too much for a dog? ›

The basic dosing rule for cats and dogs: 1–5 mg CBD for every 10 pounds of body weight. Because potencies vary by CBD product, it's important to read the label to determine the amount of CBD to offer, not focus on the volume of the product it's in.

What is the difference between CBD oil and pet CBD oil? ›

The biggest differences between CBD for pets and humans is the CBD oil milligram content and any added pet-friendly flavor that will make CBD pet oil even more enticing. When it comes to giving your pets CBD oil, giving them what was designed specifically for them is typically recommended.

Is CBD for dogs worth it? ›

While there's no definitive scientific data on using CBD to treat dogs, there's anecdotal evidence from dog owners suggesting it can treat pain, especially neuropathic pain, as well as helping to control seizures.

What does hemp do for dogs? ›

The inclusion of hemp seed oil in a dog's daily diet has been shown to support a healthy skin and coat. Hemp seed oil helps to reduce uncomfortable skin conditions such as: eczema, dandruff, dry nose, rashes and atopic dermatitis that causes that horrible itch for your dog. Hemp seed oil can also be applied topically.

Is it safe to give my dog CBD everyday? ›

CBD oil can be administered to your dog on a daily basis, with some dogs benefiting from multiple daily doses. You can give your dog additional CBD oil every eight to twelve hours, as needed.

Can CBD oil cause liver problems in dogs? ›

NEW! Study Reports No Evidence of Liver Toxicity Associated With CBD.

Can dogs get anxiety from CBD? ›

The cannabinoid that the CBD oils contain has a THC content of less than 0.3% and thus would not make your dog high. There will be no mental effect or disorientation. The dog will only feel more relaxed.

How fast does CBD calm a dog? ›

If your dog is given a proper dose of CBD oil, you should notice a more calm, relaxed demeanor within 30 minutes or an hour. The benefits of CBD will also be more noticeable after you've been giving your dog the same dose for a few days or weeks.

Does CBD calm dogs anxiety? ›

Yes! It has been shown in multiple studies that CBD oil helps dogs with anxiety just like it does for humans. The main reason why CBD can help your dog is due to the fact that our furry friends have an endocannabinoid system, which is the system that CBD interacts with in the human body.

What are the signs of CBD oil overdose in dogs? ›

What are the clinical signs of THC/CBD poisoning? Within minutes of inhalation and up to an hour after ingestion of THC, pets can exhibit clinical signs. Common signs include: sleepiness, flinching when stimulated, stumbling gait or inability to walk, vomiting, and reduced heartrate.

How many times a day can a dog have CBD? ›

How often should you dose CBD? Research has shown that the half-life range in dogs given CBD oil is 3-4.2 hours. That means dosing twice daily is best for your pup.

Can CBD cause heavy breathing in dogs? ›

As for negative effects, look for excessive panting, lethargy, vomiting, dribbling urine, and loss of balance. If your pet is exhibiting any of these symptoms, they may have consumed too much and may be experiencing toxic effects. In this case, it's best to visit your veterinarian.

Why is pet CBD so expensive? ›

Each time an extraction process is completed, different amounts of solvents or cannabinoids are left. With a small dog, even “safe” amounts of ethanol for a human would be toxic to our precious pets. The level of testing performed on each batch drives up the cost of hemp extracts.

How long should I wait to give my dog CBD? ›

However, it is perfectly safe for puppies over 8-weeks old to use ElleVet Sciences hemp-CBD supplements. This can promote calmness and help young dogs through uncomfortable or anxiety-producing moments.

Can CBD make dogs sleepy? ›

Too Much CBD Can Cause Drowsiness in Pets

Drowsiness is another common side effect of CBD when it's given in amounts that are inappropriate for your animal.

Is hemp or melatonin better for calming dogs? ›

When it comes to helping your dog feel more comfortable and relaxed in a stressful situation, CBD offers more potential benefits than melatonin and may be a perfect bedtime treat for your pup.

How often should you give your dog hemp calming treats? ›

While one dog may benefit from eating CBD treats three times each day, your cat might do best with just one dose in the morning. Lastly, it's very important that you only give your pet a CBD product that's specially formulated for cats and dogs.

Can CBD help with barking? ›

CBD (Anxiety or Fear Barkers)

CBD Oil works by reducing a dog's stress and anxiety. This helps to remove the factor that is causing your dog to bark, so they can remain calm throughout the day.

Is hemp as good as CBD for pain? ›

On the other hand, CBD oil may offer all sorts of benefits, including relief from stress and anxiety, better sleep, effective pain management, and more. So if you're looking for an oil that offers therapeutic benefits, you'll want to try CBD opposed to hemp seed oil, which has very little effects.

Can i buy CBD on Amazon? ›

Hemp products are permitted for sale on Amazon, whereas CBD products are not. The products are different in terms of ingredients, development process, and effects. For example, hemp oil is not the same as cannabidiol (CBD) oil.

Does hemp oil help with pain? ›

Hemp seed oil's anti-inflammatory properties help to reduce pain. You can apply hemp seed oil directly to the painful area for natural pain relief. Gamma-linoleic acid (GLA) present in hemp seed oil has been shown to reduce inflammation.

How long does calming hemp for dogs last? ›

The effects on this dog chew will vary for every pet. Some will see the calming effects wear off in 4-6 hours, while others may not last as long. 15.

Are all CBD oils for dogs the same? ›

Not all pet CBD oils are the same. The hemp plant contains more than 80 cannabinoids – CBD, THC, CBN, and many others. When shopping for CBD oil for pets, you will see options like CBD isolate, full spectrum, broad spectrum, and our unique Paw CBD formula, Superior Broad Spectrum.

What's the difference between CBD oil for humans and CBD oil for dogs? ›

There is no difference between CBD as a substance used by humans and for pets. CBD occurs naturally in cannabis plants. CBD is extracted from the Cannabis sativa plant to produce CBD full spectrum, broad spectrum or CBD isolate. The CBD extracts are used in both human and pet CBD products.

Do dogs need specific CBD oil? ›

YES, human CBD oil is technically safe for dogs. However, it is highly recommended to give your dog a pet-specific version of CBD oil.

What happens if you give your dog too much CBD oil? ›

One of the most common side effects in dogs who consume too much CBD is gastrointestinal upset, including stomach cramps, nausea, and diarrhea. The other most common side effect is extreme drowsiness, sleepiness, or lethargy.

What's the difference between CBD oil and hemp oil? ›

Hemp seed oil is extracted from the seeds of the hemp plant, which is a variety of the cannabis sativa plant that contains less than 0.3% THC, while CBD oil comes from the leaves, stalks and flowers of both cannabis and hemp plants. Both oils can be identified across a variety of products, from beauty to food.

How long does CBD stay in a dogs system? ›

The half-life of CBD in most pets is about four-six hours, which means while CBD can be present in a pet's system for twenty-four hours, but it may need to be present at a certain level to achieve desired benefits.

Can I give my dog human grade CBD? ›

The short answer is yes, but savvy pet parents will seek out a pet-specific CBD. While human CBD oil is typically safe for our pets, it's possible that CBD for humans can contain ingredients or even a level of THC that could be dangerous.

Does CBD calm down dogs? ›

CBD oil can help reduce anxiety in dogs - especially separation anxiety or a noise phobia (think thunderstorms or fireworks). It can also help reduce pain and inflammation - giving a dog suffering from arthritis a better quality of life.

Is CBD oil better than chews for dogs? ›

Both CBD oil and soft chews are safe, effective options for helping with a range of health and wellness concerns in cats and dogs. CBD oil is often the preferred product for moderate to severe anxiety.

Can my dog take CBD oil everyday? ›

CBD oil can be administered to your dog on a daily basis, with some dogs benefiting from multiple daily doses. You can give your dog additional CBD oil every eight to twelve hours, as needed.

How many drops of 1000mg CBD oil can I give my dog? ›

CBD Dosage for Medium Dogs 1000mg Bottle (35-75lbs)

A full dropper is 1ml which is 34mg of CBD per 1000mg 30ml size bottle. For example, if your pet is 75lbs, they will need about 27mg of CBD twice a day. So according to the dosage chart measurements, that is 3/4 of a dropper twice a day.

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